Cats have been known for having certain diseases. The vet is usually at the right place to prescribe medicines. One such case is of infections treated with convenia, i.e., cefovecin sodium. While reports of cat deaths from convenia scare us all. If you wonder whether it’s true or just a hoopla. Find out in the proceeding article.
Understanding the problem?
This medicine is a long-acting antibiotic given as injectable to cats under infectious conditions like skin conditions, UTIs, and others. However, reported cases with the injection site had shown inflammation, sarcoma, and tumor signs. At times, it is recommended as an oral route if tolerated well by the patient. Also, it is available in the form of patches but not free of local side effects.
Some of the issues reported by its use include scabs, necrosis, and alopecia. The service is seen frequently with pet owners and finding names from convenience in use. But until cat deaths from convenia were reported.
Sometimes rescue is seen by presenting arguments in the failure of compliance of the drug schedule by the pet owners. The need to follow a plan and to medicate consistently fails in most cat owners. Thus, it can, in turn, causes drug resistance as one fails to receive antibiotics. Leaving the vets with the option of convenia to get through this issue. Thus, the easier way is always appealing, while other possibilities include more straightforward options like Clavamox and amoxicillin.
Is convenia the best choice?
The drug of such controversy is weighed in terms of award versus risk. The side overweighing wins the contest. But provided that safer and better options are available, one should go for them irrespective of convenience or price. Other antibiotics are generally are the safer options here for feline infections.
Convenia as medicine is selected, keeping the interest and condition of the patient in mind. The vet prescribing convenia never writes it on the prescription pad without discussing it with the cat parent. The vet prescribed it usually has an experience with its use and might not have any grave consequences.
Usually, the cat owner later sees the effect and is responsible for reporting any health concerns observed with medicine in the cat. Thus, a piece of advice here would be to discuss with the vet before using convenia as an option here. Usually, people get to see the name on the bill post damage done. It is administered to cat’s post-dental procedure. A thorough verbal communication firsthand will be good if you are convinced not to use convenia. In dire cases, you can get the vet to the right in a red box or with a red indicator saying no convenia.
Convenia treating UTIs
Cats complaining about urinary tract issues are usually catered for the inflammation and are prescribed antibiotics. The cat parent and the vet assume that it is an infection requiring no less than anti-bacterial treatment. The common symptoms they notice in this case include little or no urination, cat seen licking the genitals, sometimes urinating with blood in the urine, or urinating randomly at different locations.
These all symptoms are loosely attached to a bladder infection. Ignoring the fact that it could be mere inflammation, requiring comparatively lighter or simple treatment.
More than 90% of the chances are cat has sterile cystitis. Here sterile denotes the absence of infection or microbes, requiring no antibiotic but just anti-inflammatory medicine. The point of error here is recommending medication without any sensitivity test and going for the third-generation antibiotic bluntly. To save oneself from repetitive dosing, the vet also recommends convenia in this case. And dismissing the dire consequences that can come along here.
When one ends up recommending convenia or any other antibiotic, it results in causing resistance in the bacteria and greater chances of superinfection. The threat remains the same for both man and animal alike with the development of resistance species, requiring more potent antibiotics in the future to have a similar effect.
In short, many cats receive unnecessary antibiotics, convenia to be particular, ignoring cat deaths from convenia.
Alternative available for Convenia
Normally, the first line of treatment should include the use of oral medicine and the first generation of antibiotics. It is the simplest and easy to go route for treating both humans and animals. It presents a safe course of administration with sound absorption and excretion overstated half-life of medicine. However, one needs to be cautious with its use in the cat. The cat might take it conveniently, but it might get stuck at the throat.
Some medicines that are contraindicated for use here in the cat are inflammation and blockade or alteration in the esophagus structure.
Liquid Dosage Forms
Some antibiotics, for instance, Clavamox and clindamycin, are available as flavored liquids. They come in the form and are convenient to administer, plus it is a metered-dose. The good thing is there is no issue of getting medicine stuck in the esophagus. Plus, to make it more palatable, it is available in flavors of chicken and fish.
It is another route of presenting the medication to the pet. Here the drug finds its way into the body via an application on the skin. However, this is not an applicable route for giving antibiotics where higher levels are required in the body. Only the above three methods can provide sufficient levels necessary for producing a pharmacological effect.
The route of administration used with Convenia
This route is the one taken by injectables that bypass the small intestine. It includes various sites, common ones being intra-muscular and intra-dermal. In this case, the delivery should be proper with the correct technique. A little carelessness can cause local inflammation, muscle ache, or even septic fever.
However, it comes with superiority over any other dosage form as it presents a hundred percent bioavailability. But like its immediate effect and quick relief upon use, the side effect is also severe.
Since the cat leaves the hospital post-treatment, a single dose of convenia has an effect equaling to fourteen days of oral treatment. Cat deaths from convenia stay unreported and vague to be related to medicine or disease.
Emergency and caution with the use of Convenia
- Convenia is referred for skin infection in cats and dogs. It produces an effect within a week with almost two months of residence in the body. The other antibiotics are cleared off rapidly from the body. Use in older pets should be done with caution.
- In an emergency or adverse effects reported with convenia, one can check with the vet to have the condition checked.
- For allergic reactions in pets, the medicine should be banned for any use in the future. However, the symptomatic treatment will be a long process since therapy has a long residence time. It will show the effects of necrosis, scabs over the skin, pruritus, erythema, etc. One can use anti-allergic and corticosteroids, depending on the severity of the reaction.
- The vet can symptomatically treat ADR’s.
- Before having the pet treated with convenia, there is no retrieval for the drug that has already entered the body.
- Some other common ADR’s seen with it includes ataxia, seizures, anemia, lethargy in cat and anorexia.
- Death may be caused in some cases too.
- In case of death with convenia or suspected to be caused by it, requires to have post mortem and reach conclusions.
- Cat deaths from convenia, should follow a detailed microscopic examination of the autopsy. It will better bring on display the actual cause.
- The drug gets withdrawn from the market following only with sufficient ADR reports. One should not be casual with reporting to let the medicine receive its fate.
How one describes Convenia as a medicine?
Convenia is a group of antibiotics, i.e., cephalosporin, known explicitly as cefovecin sodium manufactured and distributed by a company known as Zoetis. This is a medicine utilized for bacterial infections in animals like cats. Most of the time, the conditions are of skin, like those following a wound or abscess.
What medical conditions are treated with the use of convenia?
Convenia is an antibiotic that is from the third generation of the same. They are used in various kinds of infections like UTIs and skin infections. They also serve sound conditions with abscesses and wounds that cause many scratching and itching in the animal.
Does scratching or licking make skin condition any better?
The scratching that the cat does in response to the itching makes the skin condition worse. Sometimes it could be followed by licking or biting the body. This breaks or affects the body at that particular site causing the chances of infection to double. Otherwise, the bacteria or other microbes that were in the environment couldn’t enter the skin, which becomes more accessible in case of broken skin.
How different is the experience with convenia compared to that of another antibiotic?
The experience with convenia is different from any other counterpart. It could be explained with two prime reasons. One is its use as an injection and the fact that one particular dose of convenia is enough to fight down the infection under concern. Usually, this is preferred by the pet owner to save them from using the oral alternative. This will be as effective as oral medication taken in fourteen days. This is also why cat owners switch to convenia as they have to feed the oral medicine twice daily. And find convenia convenient instead.
What is a mode of action for convenia?
Convenia is anti-bacterial in action. It works by ripping off the cell wall of the bacteria by puncturing holes into it. This takes almost thirty minutes post-injection under the skin that it can be sensed in the body. Then within four hours of the injection, medicine starts [producing effect. By this time, sufficient drug levels have reached the blood to kill bacteria and retain the result.
What is the cost of convenia?
This is subject to the region of treatment, as prices vary from one place to another. Plus, the dose will be the deciding factor. A cat is usually treated by calculating the weight or body mass. While other factors like age and general health condition of the cat are also catered in deciding the dose.
The vet will be in the best position to reply to this query.
How can one buy convenia for its pet?
Convenia is not open for sale or an OTC product. This is strictly prescription medicine and shall require a vet to suggest for the cat if deemed necessary. It is also administered by the vet thus is catered altogether under professional supervision.
What is the usual dose of convenia?
No specific dose of convenia can be referred at this position. It is only the vet who looks into the condition of the pet. Followed by a calculation of its body mass. Convenia’s dose is thus calculated as per the cat’s need that will be sufficient to produce the pharmacological effect.
How quick is convenia in producing the effect in the cat’s body?
Convenia is used in different pets under various conditions. In every situation and pet, the amount is calculated as per the underlying disease and weight of the body. Thus the dose calculated is decided to be enough to reach peak blood levels in the infected animal. It can as much a 2 hours to make up to this level in the cat. In short, one dose of convenia is good enough to produce an immediate effect.
The vet best answers to this with the proper calculation following the severity of the condition and replying your concern with cat deaths from convenia.
How long it takes for convenia to leave the system of the animal?
The best answer to this finds its basis in the concept of half-life. This is the time it takes for a drug to turn half after being administered. Such is the elimination half-life, allowing the removal of the medicine from the body. In the case of convenia, the half-life is 6.9 days in cats and varies in other animals.
How many doses of convenia are required for a cat?
Usually, the reason for choosing the convenia is its convenient one-time dose. The convenia injected once to the infected cat is at par with oral antibiotics given twice daily for fourteen days. However, the vet also offers a second dose to completely put down the infection in some circumstances.
Are there any reported side effects of convenia?
Yes, there are ADR’s that are reported against the use of convenia. Some of the common ones include allergy at the injected sites and the common ones seen with the injection.
This accounts for others effects, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain, dizziness, loss of appetite, and fever. The manufacturing company claims to have all ADR’s reported and to take responsibility for the same.
Why convenia is the medicine of choice?
The prescription that prescribes the medicine convenia states the following things.
- Fast treatment with peak levels reaching within 6.2 hours
- The dose is explicitly given by the pet.
- Treatment spread on two weeks. This leaves you free of the daily delivery.
- Saves you from keeping track of the dosage regimen.
Is there any place to get animals checked for convenia’s adversary?
Cats that tend to show allergic potential towards antibiotics. This includes allergy to cephalosporin and penicillin etc. One needs to check into the allergic profile or history of the pet. Necessitating one to get convenia under vet’s prescription and care to save oneself of any trouble.
Convenia is a group of cephalosporin used in skin infection and other infectious conditions in cats and dogs. The use has been immense besides the reported cat deaths from convenia. It remains a controversial drug with some side effects, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain, dizziness, loss of appetite, and fever. While many justify it with similar side effects in other medicines and the company openly taking responsibility for consequences.
Many cat parents do not risk the cat with use of convenia. On the contrary, many people do prefer convenia, with the convenience of having one drug administered. That is at par with the 14-day treatment of oral medication, twice daily.
Vets generally use it for skin conditions, urinary tract conditions, and post-dental procedures. But having gone for third generation, not only raises the chances of superinfection but also comes with a risk of life. Thus, a pre-discussion with vet can be made to see all treatment possibilities and saying no to convenia.